Step 1. Determining Eligibility: The first step for an EP is to determine which program, Medicare or Medicaid, they are eligible for, if any. The program requirements and definitions are very different among the two programs. For example, to qualify for the Medicaid program, an EP must have 30% or more Medicaid patients (20% - 30% for Pediatricians). CMS's Eligibility Wizard can be found here. This will run through a number of questions to determine in which program an EP is eligible to participate.
Also very different among the two programs are the incentive payment amounts and the schedule of payments.
- Medicaid program:
- Higher total incentive payment = $63,750
- No late start penalty
- Payments are distributed over six years
- Prior to 2015, if an EP fails to meet meaningful use measures, they can skip that year and not lose a layer of payments
- Can take advantage of A/I/U
- Medicaid incentive payments are made by the States
- NOTE: This program is administered individually by each State - find out information about your State's program here.
- Medicare program:
- Lower total incentive payment = $44,000
- Medicare payments are based on 75% of the total Medicare allowed charges submitted no later than two months after the end of the calendar year
- Late start penalty by 2013
- Payments are distributed over five years
- If an EP fails to meet meaningful use measures, they lose the incentive payment for that year.
- Extra 10% available for EPs practicing predominantly in a Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA)
EPs will need the following information during registration:
- National Provider Identifier (NPI)
- National Plan and Provider Enumeration System (NPPES) User ID and Password
- Payee Tax Identification Number (only if you choose to reassign your benefits)
- Payee National Provider Identifier ( only if you choose to reassign your benefits)
- Third Party Registration - A user registering on behalf of an EP will need an Identity Access Management System (I&A) User ID and Password. To obtain an account, visit the I&A Security Check.
In order to participate in the Medicare Incentive program, EPs must also be enrolled in the Provider Enrollment, Chain and Ownership System (PECOS). EPs can access PECOS by using the User ID and password assigned to them when they applied to the NPPES for their National Provider Identifier (NPI).
Step 3: Select an Incentive Program: EPs are eligible to participate in either the Medicare or Medicaid incentive programs but they cannot participate in both program simultaneously like Eligible Hospitals. As mentioned earlier, there are many differences between the programs eligibility requirements as well as the incentive payments so EPs should thoroughly examine their patient population to decide which program would be more beneficial. Incentives for EPs are based on the individual EPs numbers, not the numbers of the entire practice collectively. Also, all the doctors in a practice do not need to participate in the same incentive program.
If an EP is participating in the Medicaid program, the requirement for Year 1 is only to adopt, implement, and/or upgrade (A/I/U) to certified EHR technology. Therefore, there is no reporting period for the Year 1.
It is important to note that EPs can switch between the Medicare and Medicaid programs one time after the initial incentive payment has been made before 2015 .
Step 4: Obtaining Certified EHR Software: In order to eligible to apply for incentive programs, EPs must be using certified EHR software. ONC has created a certification process to certify vendor software and allow EPs to self-certify homegrown systems. EPs can obtain certified EHR software in one of three ways: purchasing a Complete EHR, purchasing Modular EHRs to meet all HITECH requirements, or self-certifying their own software.
A complete EHR has been tested and certified by an Authorized Testing and Certification Body (ACTB) and meets all of the government’s requirements as a whole. This means that if an EP implements a complete EHR, they can register for an Incentive Program and begin attesting to Meaningful Use criteria once they have met meaningful use measures for a consecutive 90-day reporting period.
A modular EHR allows an EP to combine certified modules from different systems in order to meet the government requirements for a certified EHR. For modular certification, the ONC Certification Numbers for each of the certified products must be collected and submitted to ONC as a ‘package’ solution. ONC reviews the package solution and if it meets all requirements for a certified system, they issue a new certification number which is used to attest Meaningful Use (MU).
EPs can also self-certify a homegrown system or an outdated version of a vendor system. Modular products also allow an EP to buy some certified modules in addition to self-certifying their system to meet the requirements on the remaining modules.
ONC lists all products that are certified as Complete or Modular on the Certified Health IT Product List (CHPL).
Step 5: Meeting Meaningful Use Measures: To be a 'meaningful user' of certified technology means to use the EHR in a meaningful manner to improve the quality of health care. Once an EP has certified technology in place, they should review the incentive program Meaningful Use Measures to ensure that all necessary work flow procedures are in place to capture all required data.
EPs must meet 15 core meaningful use measures, 5 of 10 menu meaningful use measures, and 6 clinical quality measures (3 core or alternate core, and 3 of 38 from menu set). All objectives have a specific measure; some measures are percentage based and some are a yes/no attestation. Some measures have exclusions because they are not relevant to a certain provider's practice or patient population. An example of an exclusion is an EP who sees no patients that are 13 years or older will be excluded from the measure to 'record smoking status for patients 13 years old or older.'
Step 6: Attest to Meaningful Use Measures: An EP must complete a continuous 90-day reporting period within the calendar year of the incentive program in order to attest. So, if an EP wishes to begin their incentive program in 2011, they must complete their 90-day reporting period before December 31, 2011. Once an EP has completed their 90-day reporting period, they are ready to attest to meeting the meaningful use measures. An EP has sixty days after the close of a calendar year to submit their attestation data to CMS.
Visit the Attestation page on the CMS website for more information. CMS has also provided an Attestation User Guide, Attestation Worksheets and a Meaningful Use Attestation Calculator.
After reporting on all meaningful use measures in the CMS registration and attestation system, data will immediately be submitted and the user will be notified if the submission was successful. Upon notification that the submission is complete and successful, the EP is qualified to receive their incentive payment.
Payments for the Medicare incentive program can be expected approximately 4 - 8 weeks after attestation. EPs should note that if they have not met the $24,000 threshold for allowed charges at the time of attestation, CMS will hold the incentive payment until the threshold is met. Incentive payments are based on the charges from the entire calendar year, not just charges from the 90-day reporting period. If an EP has still not met the threshold by the end of the calendar year, the payment is held 60 days after the end of the calendar year to allow all pending claims to be processed.
SUCCESS!....but don't forget Step 7......
Step 7: Prepare for potential audits: Any EP that attests to meaningful use to receive incentive payments for either the Medicare or Medicaid program is subject to auditing from CMS. In order to prepare yourself for a potential audit, retain all supporting paper and electronic documentation used during attestation. EPs should also keep documentation supporting their Clinical Quality Measures (CQM). This documentation should be saved six years after attestation. If, during an audit, an EP is found to be ineligible for the incentive payment, the payment will be recouped by CMS. CMS plans to create an appeals process and will post more information on this process to their website soon.